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I have captured full four EAPOL handshakes. But the data captured were not decrypted (always show 802.11 protocols).

Can you give me some directions, how can I decrypt the captured data.

screenshot:

Thanks, --William

asked 17 May, 19:28

dknovo's gravatar image

dknovo
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accept rate: 0%

edited 23 May, 07:29

grahamb's gravatar image

grahamb ♦
19.3k328204

This question was originally posted as an "answer" to this question.

(18 May, 03:07) grahamb ♦

One of the common causes of possible WPA2 decryption issues is that there are, in fact, no data to actually decrypt. This is often due to modulation differences in the data frames under review, or sometimes even more fundamental issues such as sniffing on the wrong channel or band, or even not having monitor/promiscuous mode capability at all.

For the sample trace provided, there is one full EAPOL handshake present with

Filter: eapol

BSS Id: Cambridg_dd:27:b4 (70:d9:31:dd:27:b4)
STA address: IntelCor_16:ea:ef (f0:d5:bf:16:ea:ef)

Looking at a beacon for this BSSID, no HT is supported so it would only be an 802.11b/g capable access point.

filter: wlan.bssid == 70:d9:31:dd:27:b4 and wlan.fc.type_subtype == 0x08

Tagged parameters (129 bytes)
    Tag: SSID parameter set: Public Wifi
    Tag: Supported Rates 1(B), 2(B), 5.5(B), 11(B), 6, 9, 12, 18, [Mbit/sec]
    Tag: DS Parameter set: Current Channel: 11
    Tag: Traffic Indication Map (TIM): DTIM 0 of 0 bitmap
    Tag: ERP Information
    Tag: Extended Supported Rates 24, 36, 48, 54, [Mbit/sec]
    Tag: Vendor Specific: Microsof: WPA Information Element
    Tag: RSN Information
    Tag: Vendor Specific: Microsof: WMM/WME: Parameter Element
    Tag: Vendor Specific: RealtekS

This is somewhat good, as this type of traffic will be easier to capture. I notice the trace is taken VERY close to the AP as the RSSI is very high and I see bleed through into other channels. You might want to move away a meter or two from the AP, maybe have a -40 or so RSSI instead of -25.

To see if there is anything to decrypt, we can check for any Data or QoS-Data frames, noting we will only have QoS-Data frames if WMM is available on both STA and AP (and it is if you look at the Association Request/Response frames):

filter: wlan.bssid == 70:d9:31:dd:27:b4 and (wlan.fc.type_subtype ==0x020 or wlan.fc.type_subtype ==0x028)

I see two possible frames to decrypt AFTER the EAPOL handshake, but that is it (frames 16622 and 16628):

alt text

After applying your SSID/Passphrase, these frames do, in fact, decrypt:

alt text

So this confirms a number of things:

  1. The ability to collect the 4-way EAPOL handshake exists, and the decryption parameters are correct (SSID/Passphrase)
  2. The issue lies with NOT collecting all the data frames expected
  3. This system likely does not have modulation issues collecting packets since the capture adapter is 802.11bgn/1SS but the system is running at 802.11bg only
  4. There are more than 19K Deauth frames out of a total of 23K frames, so 83% of the captured traffic are Deauths. This is more than a bit excessive; yes, using tools to send Deauths to capture the 4-way handshake is valid but this implementation is like squishing an ant with sledgehammer; can you send one or two Deauths instead? There are other techniques as well to force a client to generate an unencrypted rekey.

Recommendations:

  1. The signal is coming into the capture adapter very hot so move the systems a little further apart
  2. Develop a new technique to generate the 4-way handshake (rekey). Some options: reboot the client device; use a config tool in the client device to disable the radio and then re-enable; select a different SSID on the client and then come back to this one; reboot the AP; work on the injection tool to reduce the number of Deauths transmitted; use a possible config option in the AP to remove a client from association - if it exists; and there are other ways.
  3. Allow the capture to run for a longer period of time after the handshake. You should be able to see this in Wireshark with live scrolling and keep repeating until you getting the behavior you want - with decryption credentials entered, Wireshark should decrypt in realtime as frames scroll by.
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answered 26 May, 03:52

Bob%20Jones's gravatar image

Bob Jones
8692515
accept rate: 20%

Hi Bob Jones,

Thank you for your valuable inputs. I will try these recommendations and then update the result to you.

Once again, thank you so much.

Best and regards, --Will

(27 May, 02:09) dknovo

I have an issue with sniffing a WiFi network with the SSID = "Public Wifi". That would indicate that the network is available to many users and is not a closed, personal network.

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answered 25 May, 06:53

Amato_C's gravatar image

Amato_C
1.1k142032
accept rate: 14%

Good catch

(25 May, 07:15) Christian_R

@Amato_C, "Public Wifi" is my wireless home network named by me. There are 4 devices (users) accessing the network including (2 laptops, 2 phones). And I sniffed data from a laptop as you saw on the uploaded file.

The victim laptop is close to the Linux machine that I used to capture data.

Any suggestion for me to decrypt the captured data, or will I capture again new file to you?

Thanks, --Will

(25 May, 08:05) dknovo

Could you perform a new capture without using the word "Public WiFi".

Maybe something like "Will's Home net" or something like that?

Sorry for the inconvenience, but trying to protect everyone involved.

(25 May, 08:55) Amato_C

In some cases it helps to toggle the combo box in the wireless toolbar from "Wireshark" to "None" and back to "Wireshark": https://ask.wireshark.org/questions/60947/why-isnt-wireshark-decrypting-80211-traffic-in-my-capture-even-if-the-eapol-handshake-is-present/60951

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answered 18 May, 13:17

Christian_R's gravatar image

Christian_R
1.8k1524
accept rate: 16%

edited 18 May, 13:24

Hi Christian_R,

Thank for your input, However, there is no combo box as you mentioned in the Wireshark version I'am using now (2.2.6 version - the latest Wireshark version). Therefore, I cannot decrypt the captured data. Any other solution can I try?

Thanks, -William

(22 May, 00:44) dknovo

What OS do you use? The same combobox Canberra found in the decryption key dialogue.

(22 May, 09:42) Christian_R

Hi Christian_R,

I'am using Kali Linux and the Wireshark's version is Wireshark 2.2.5 (Git Rev Unknown from unknown). I cannot find out the combo box.

I attach the image below,

I will present my problem again at the beginning step until now, so that you can trace off my problems more easily.

Thanks

(23 May, 07:04) dknovo

Hi Christian_R,

My problem is that:

I use the TL-WLN722N wireless USB (that support Monitor mode) to sniff data from devices like laptops, smartphones or anything else accessing to my home network.

I completed all steps about setting: enable 'monitor mode', use airodump-ng to view wireless data from around APs and select the AP with a specific target to test. (Here, I take my home AP to test)

wpa : my wireless network name pwd : my wireless network password

I use WIRESHARK tool on Kali Linux to capture data from a target laptop (at wlan1mon interface, my AP channel)

then I use aireplay-ng to deauthenticate the target laptop, btw I can capture full 4 handshakes EAPOL protocol,

After that, I choose 802.11 Preference view, add new key (WPA-PWD: mywirelesspassword:mywirelessname), and another try with (WPA-PSK):

However, I cannot decrypt the 802.11 protols capture from the target laptop as well as from my AP.

I read documents and try many solutions, but It seems hopeless, I need your help Please give me some instructions, how can I decrypt and view the data capture from the target.

Let's me know if you need more information

Thanks, --William

(23 May, 07:10) dknovo

Have you tried: 1. Saving only the traffic to/from the WiFi client and the AP? You can use the display filter wlan.addr== followed by the WiFi MAC address of your WiFi client. Then save that file, re-open with Wireshark.

  1. Decrypting on another machine that is not using Kali? Take your saved, filtered file from #1 and open on another machine with Wireshark. For example, a PC running Windows or Ubuntu. Then try to decrypt there.

Are you able to share the capture and provide the passphrase? I could try it on my Wireshark to see if the problem exists.

(23 May, 10:28) Amato_C

Be sure you have Data frames or QoS Data frames to decrypt... sometimes these 'can't decrypt' questions turn out to be that there is no data to decrypt due to modulation differences between the traffic flow from client to AP and what the capture adapter can pick up.

(23 May, 12:40) Bob Jones

Can you share us a small trace?

(23 May, 12:48) Christian_R

Hi All,

Thank you for your inputs.

@Amato_C, I have tried both your solutions, but the problem still exits, 802.11 protocols are not decrypted.

@Bob Jones, I didn't capture Qos Data frames, you can check my uploaded files for more details, can you give some solutions how can I capture and decrypt Qos Data frames?

@Christian_R, I uploaded my test file to the mediafire with a README file including my AP's name and my wireless network password. You can download the file to check.

Please let's me know if you need more information.

Link download files.

http://www.mediafire.com/file/4svwj51b8sqb645/test%282%29.pcapng

http://www.mediafire.com/file/8mdyofiq3jtc1wb/README.txt

Thanks, --William,

(24 May, 09:24) dknovo

@dknovo

Your "answer" has, yet again, been converted to a comment as that's how this site works. Please read the FAQ for more information and follow the conventions.

(24 May, 09:50) grahamb ♦

@Amato_C Looks strange. The trace is full with Deauthentication frames....

(24 May, 22:31) Christian_R

@Christian_R, I used aireplay-ng --deauth command to force the victim client reconnect to the wireless network to capture full 4 EAPOL handshakes. Is something wrong?

Let's me know if you need more information.

Thanks,

(24 May, 23:44) dknovo

I think the trace contains no data. There is the EAPOL handshake and right after that the DEAUTH.

(25 May, 00:40) Christian_R

You mean that Wireshark cannot sniff wireless packets even though we capture EAPOL handshakes?

After forcing the victim client reconnect to the wireless network, the victim still used internet for a while (surfing websites, reading articles, listening musics ...) before I stopped to capture the wireless packets.

Any suggestion for me to capture the trace with data?

Or Will I change another method to sniff wireless data like Evil Twin, MitM attacks ...

Thanks,

(25 May, 01:20) dknovo
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question asked: 17 May, 19:28

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last updated: 27 May, 02:09

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